CBD is short for Cannabidiol, a natural plant extract, and is one of more than 100 cannabinoids that are only found in Cannabis plants.
There are three known types of cannabinoids
- Phytocannabinoids these are formed in cannabis/hemp plants.
- Endocannabinoids these are created in the human body.
- Synthetic cannabinoids are made by pharmaceutical companies.
In this article we will concentrate on the natural phytocannabinoids, how these are extracted from hemp and the connection between CBD and essential oils.
The extraction of cannabinoids from hemp
Cannabinoids are located throughout the whole plant, with the highest concentrations in the mature flowers
The hemp we use is biologically cultivated in Europe and is known as “industrial hemp”, these hemp plants have been cultivated for many centuries for the use of their strong fibers and nutritional seeds.
Although these hemp plants are from the same species of cannabis, they contain only a trace amount of THC, making these plants legal to be cultivated in most countries.
After the harvest the hemp plants get dried and distilled.
One commonly used technique for extracting cannabinoids from the plant is through alcohol distillation although a modern and efficient extraction technique involves CO₂.
With the initial distillation the extract is released as a thick paste, through further distillation the paste can be further refined and concentrated to a higher percentage of CBD like our 50% CBD hemp paste.
Two-Lions CBD oil is hemp paste mixed with one or more oils
After extraction the CBD rich hemp paste is ready to be mixed with carefully selected, natural and essential oils. These blended oils make it easy for you to use our dropper to place a few drops under your tongue.
The high concentration of CBD in our hemp paste allows us to create a strong CBD oil and gives us more control over the final taste of our oil blends, by adding essential oils we improved both the taste and the beneficial effects of our CBD oils.
WHAT ARE CANNABINOÏDS
CBD is short for cannabidiol and is part of a group of chemical compounds named cannabinoids, in nature these cannabinoids can only be found in cannabis plants, with the highest concentrations in the mature flowers of the female plants.
Cannabidiol is a major phytocannabinoid accounting for a large percentage of the plant’s extract.
Cannabis initially produces a variety of cannabinoid acids like CBDa and THCa, these acids are present in the leaves and branches of the cannabis plant, when the plants mature these acids change into active cannabinoids through decarboxilization.
Cannabinoids were discovered in the 1940´s when CBD and CBN were identified for the first time, today there are no less then 113 known cannabinoids.
The discovery of THC, by a team of researchers from Hebrew University Pharmacy School, was first reported in 1964, with substantial later work reported by Raphael Mechoulam in June 1970.
The highest amount of active cannabinoids can be found in the mature flowers of the cannabis plant.
Essential oils are a concentrated liquid, a collection of plant-based compounds containing volatile aromatic molecules (terpenes) which produces the aromatic fragrance of plants, flowers and fruit.
An oil is “essential” in the sense that it contains the “essence of” the plant’s fragrance, although they are called oils, essential oils contain no fat.
Only a small part (around 10%) of the many flowers and plants create these essential oils, and in general contain no more then 1% essential oils.
Cannabis, like many other plants and flowers, produces essential oils throughout the whole plant with the highest concentrations found in the mature flowers of female cannabis plants.
Many essential oils are used in modern medicine, some monoterpenes present in these essential oils offer medical potential.
The monoterpene concentration in industrial hemp varies between 47.9 and 92.1% of the total terpenoid content, the most abundant monoterpenes in hemp are β-myrcene, followed by trans-caryophyllene, α-pinene, trans-ocimene, and α-terpinolene.
CBD is gaining more popularity every day thanks to recent publications and media attention, although it is mostly due to the many patient groups on facebook and other social media that the world can no longer ignore the health benefits of CBD.
Two Lions CBD oils are food supplements and are not intended as a replacement for a healthy, varied diet.
We advice you to consult your doctor or specialist before you start using CBD products, especially if you are already using medication.